Taiga and Tundra were the first Dutch Passion autoflowering strains released to the market in early 2009. Due to the huge success these strains had and the newly explored market and big hype for autoflowering seeds, Dutch Passion decided to develop a range of more autoflowering strains, combining the autoflowering effect with femaleness to launch their new AutoFem strain line. While cannabis indica and cannabis sativa respond to changes in the day/night light cycle, autoflowering varieties respond to a certain age achieved, automatically starting to bloom then, regardless of the light cycle.
Dutch Passion reports: “We have worked with Ruderalis varieties extracted from the Northern latitudes in Russia (Ural/Udmurtia) and Canada. Ruderalis varieties contain no THC, in order to make them psychoactive, they must be hybridized with Sativa’s or Indica’s that contain THC. Dutch Passion has focused on “early maturing autoflowering varieties” because of their remarkably short lifecycle. These early maturing autoflowering varieties are only offered in their feminized (AutoFem) form. Pioneering breeding work has made these varieties extremely potent yet they can be grown from seed to bud in just 8-10 weeks products or products. This is yet another remarkable breakthrough in cannabis technology from Dutch Passion, the master breeders who were the first to bring you feminized seeds. Until recently, Ruderalis has not been bred commercially as it has no psycho-active properties.
Dutch Passion has now successfully pioneered the hybridization of Ruderalis varieties with some of our prize strains to create a new family of highly potent cannabis plants. Because of the short lifecycle of approximately 2.5 months and their short shape, AutoFem varieties are perfect to grow almost anywhere. These are truly cosmopolitan cannabis plants, unlike anything you have seen before, and they make it possible to grow cannabis products or products in almost any conditions or climate. Outdoors they are easy to grow in containers as well in soil. Containers can be put on terraces and small areas like windowsills and balconies. In Mediterranean climates up to three harvests a year are possible. Even in the extreme north with short summers all AutoFem strains can be grown once a year. In the past it has been a challenge to grow quality pot in very short summers, often it was impossible. Thanks to the unique automatic flowering of Dutch Passion hybridized Ruderalis, excellent pot can now be grown anywhere. This is a breakthrough that could be just as important as our feminized seed technology was, these varieties are already becoming best sellers. The best product grow results with AutoFem seeds can be achieved with a cycle of 20 hours light/4 hours darkness.”
Cannabis ruderalis was discovered and botanically classified by Russian botanist Janischewsky in the year of 1924. Jorge Cervantes reports about its arrival in Europe: “It was first brought to Amsterdam in the early 80s by Nevil Schoenmakers from The Seedbank, to enhance their breeding program. One of the first Seed Bank catalogues, from 1987, showed a Cannabis ruderalis plant alongside a highway in Hungary. Many breeders mistakenly hailed this plant as the “Holy Grail” of cannabis.” Well, Cannabis ruderalis of course isn’t the “Holy Grail” of cannabis, but genetically interesting to its autoflowering effect, compact growth and very low height. Nevil had done a lot of experiments with ruderalis genetics, and some of the outcomes had made it into his catalogue temporarily, such as “Ruderalis Sativa”, but most of these strains were discontinued after a while as they weren’t really good.
It was not before the new millennium that ruderalis genetics became worldwide popular amongst growers, with the appearance of the autoflowering strain Lowrhyder, bred by the Joint Doctor. Dutch Passion then led the second wave of autoflowering strains entering the market, introducing Taiga, Tundra, PolarLight, SnowStorm and most recently AutoBlueberry and AutoMazar.
Taiga is an hybrid between an autoflowering ruderalis/indica and Power Plant. Dutch Passion describes it as follows: “From our famous Power Plant gene pool we selected an extreme early flowering female Power Plant. This female we used to produce the female pollen. These pollen we used to fertilze the female ruderalis/indica. Taiga grows with big compact buds. The smell and taste are evident Power Plant. Taiga is a very good yielder for such a small plant. Taiga does not ask for a special fertilizing regime, which means that it’s easy to grow. Containers of 1.5 to 2 liters are sufficient to garantee a good harvest. Taiga loves a place in the sun, which she needs for a quality yield. Taiga has a short lifecycle, from seed to bud 8 to 10 weeks.” It is expected to achieve a height of 50-60 cm in the end, yielding 25 to 30 grams per plant.
Tundra is an hybrid between an autoflowering ruderalis/Indica and Dutch Passion’s product champion strain Passion #1. Dutch Passion: “We chose Passion #1 for it’s outstanding “product” qualities: healty (pestresistant), strong and early flowering, soft smoke and superb taste. Spicy, lemon and grapefruit. Small bushy plants. Mild Up-High.” Tundra’s life cycle is 8-11 weeks, she also has a yield potential of 25-30 g per plant.
It was grower Hi-Five who put Taiga and Tundra to an product cultivation test on his balcony in the past summer season. Two seeds of each strain were germinated at the beginning of July by Hi-Five, with one seed being planted per 1 litre pot filled with seedling soil. Pots were covered with plastic wrap (into which several mini holes were picked for slight aeration) to maintain a high humidity during germination. All of the four seeds germinated super rapidly, coming out of the ground after two and a half days already! So obviously Taiga and Tundra are not only fast flowering, but als fast germinating seed strains. In the first weeks of growth, the product climate was extremely hot, with daily degrees between 30-36°C. But along with heat came plenty of sunshine so that the plants were doing very well, meanwhile transplanted to 7.5 litre pots filled with high-grade potting soil. On their balcony plot exposed to south east, plants received almost seven hours of sunshine on a cloudless day.
During the first three weeks, all of the four plants looked almost the same, suggesting a strong genetical relationship to one another. Slight differences became visible during flowering that started already about three weeks after germination. All of the four plants turned out to be female, indeed. Unfortunately in August, the decisive flowering month for Taiga and Tundra, the weather conditions became significantly worse, with a lot of clouds and rain as well as unusually cold temperatures prevailing almost throughout the month. Nevertheless all of the four plants were flowering well, producing absolutely amazing amounts of resin, giving proof of the fact cannabis plants don’t necessarily require plenty of sunlight for producing huge amounts of resin. Also their smell was extremely intense and pungent, almost disqualifying Taiga and Tundra as balcony strains if a grower wants to cultivate them on a balcony next to a neighbour’s balcony.
Hi-Five used a special biological seaweed/fish emulsion fertiliser for some weeks, but stopped fertilising the plants two weeks before maturity was expected to be reached by the plants. They didn’t develop much side branching, focusing on building a main cola. At the end, just in time after 10 weeks, all of the four plants didn’t have the thickest of buds due to the lack of proper sunshine in the flowering stage, but calyxes were very well swollen and hard, also covered with abundant amounts of resin which were also present on the flowering leaves, proving that Taiga and Tundra are also ideal hashish strains, real resin dripping ladies. They had arrived at a height of 45-60 cm and didn’t have any male flowers, so the AutoFem effect had excellently done his job.
The two Taiga plants yielded 13 and 14 days grams of dry buds, the two Tundras 14 and 16 grams, due to the lack of sunshine not having tapped their actual yield potential. But that would have probably been achieved if there had been ideal light conditions in August. Buds were slowly dried and slightly fermented by Hi-Five which resulted in a very organic, mild and sweet scent. The Taiga buds really smelled similar to Dutch Passion’s Power Plant, carrying a certain frankincense note, combined with more sweetness than Power Plant though. Smoking Taiga proved to be a real pleasure to Hi-Five, it delivered a high with a good deal of stonedness, providing a pleasant cozy body feeling and emotional warmth, combined with enough sativa energy to remain active, brought in by Power Plant. The high was surprisingly strong and long-lasting, the taste just like the buds smelled – sweet, mild and with a hint of frankincense.
This was high-quality cannabis and the same proved to be true for Tundra, its buds gave off a sweet, pungent and also somewhat fruity, citrus-like aroma, inherited from Passion #1. Their smoke was softer than expected, really delicious, providing a both sweet ’n spicy and slightly fruity taste. Tundra’s high was more uplifting than Taiga’s, delivering a stronger, more vivid sativa effect, without any psychedelic effect though so that it certainly is an appropriate strain for being smoked during day time, letting the consumer remain clear-minded and allowing him to do perform various tasks, including physical ones. Also because the high doesn’t last for hours.
Hi-Five was well pleased with the balcony performance of Taiga and Tundra, highly appreciating their amazing resin richness, great smell, taste and high. He is very optimistic about being able to achieve a higher Taiga and Tundra yield in the next season with hopefully better flowering conditions. But for him as a very moderate smoker, the total yield was enough to survive the autumn and winter time without being forced to start another grow. He intends to start the next cycle with Taiga and Tundra early next spring, also testing other autoflowering strains then.
Green Born Identity – G.B.I.